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Just when you started to master cannabinoids and understand the roles they can play for your health and wellbeing, here come the terpenes, another category of naturally occurring chemical components of the cannabis flower you’d probably never heard of with its own set of physical and mental health benefits.
Terpenes aren’t unique to the marijuana plant, they’re organic compounds responsible for the unique smells and tastes of your favorite plants, flowers, and fruits. Terpinolene gives sage its signature scent and terpenes produce the olfactory experience when you slice into a lemon (limonene) or rub a piece of fresh rosemary between your fingers (pinene).
They’re also responsible for the signature scents and flavors of your favorite cannabis strains. Terpenes exist in far higher concentrations in cannabis flowers than in other plant species, contributing to the special healing powers of your favorite plant medicine.
Terpene profiles are like a plant’s unique fingerprint, ‘fingerprints’ that vary between cultivars based on the strain’s genetic makeup as well as the growing conditions.
Together with their better-known sister compounds, cannabinoids like CBD and THC, terpenes contribute to the myriad health benefits of the magical marijuana plant. Secreted by trichomes, the tiny resin glands of cannabis flowers, there are thought to be at least 150 of these aromatic molecules, each with its own medicinal effect.
You’ve probably read that CBD works better with a small amount of THC. This is an example of the ‘entourage effect’ in which different cannabis compounds interact with one another to magnify the benefits of a single compound on its own (also known as an isolate). The same is true for terpenes.
Cannabis strains featuring broad-spectrum terpene profiles like those found in LAKEGRADE’s proprietary strains are thought to provide greater health benefits than those in strains with fewer individual terpenes present. Another factor is the total terpene load as well as the concentration of individual terpenes.
Terpenes and cannabinoids like THC and CBD as well as minor cannabinoids like CBN and more likely work in concert to provide powerful benefits greater than the sum of their individual parts.
More research is being done every day to better understand the roles that terpenes and cannabinoids play along with their interactions. We promise to bring you more information as it becomes available and will also continue to bring you the highest quality, sun-grown cannabis with optimal terpene and cannabinoid profiles for maximum enjoyment and health benefit.
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